Scimitar-Horned Oryx reintroduction programme - Dublin Zoo, Ireland.

Scimitar-Horned Oryx reintroduction programme

Tragically, the scimitar-horned oryx is extinct in the wild. This oryx was once widespread across northern Africa but due to overhunting, habitat loss and competition with domestic livestock, the scimitar-horned oryx gradually disappeared from the wild. The last wild scimitar-horned oryx was sighted in 1988 in Chad. Fortunately, a global zoo breeding programme started in the 1960s and this managed population now numbers around 1,500 animals in over 170 institutions. There are also large numbers of this oryx held by private collections around the world. Dublin Zoo houses a breeding group of scimitar-horned oryx, which is part of this international breeding programme.

Since 2013, Dublin Zoo has financially supported the reintroduction programme for the scimitar-horned oryx in Tunisia. Through conservation breeding programmes, zoo-bred oryx have been reintroduced into semi-wild areas in four national parks across Tunisia. Currently there are over 200 oryx in such semi-wild areas.

International Conservation

Dublin Zoo works with zoos and organisations worldwide on conservation projects. This includes the EAZA Ape Campaign.


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